Literacy is one of the four specific areas of the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS), made up of:
Reading – using phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately; reading and understanding simple sentences and some common irregular words; demonstrating understanding when talking with others about what they have read.
Writing – using phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds; writing some irregular common words and simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others; spelling some words correctly and others phonetically plausible.
Writing is also linked with Physical Development – ‘handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing’.
Letters and Sounds is a six-phase teaching programme designed to help practitioners and teachers teach children how the alphabet works for reading and spelling:
Jolly Phonics is used alongside Letters and Sounds as a multi-sensory and fun approach to teaching and learning phonics: