EYFS Physical Development

Physical development (PD)  is one of the three prime areas within the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS). Each prime area is divided into Early Learning Goals, for physical development these are:

Moving and handling – skills enabling children to show good control and coordination in large and small movements. Children are able to handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing.

Health and self care – children knowing the importance of good health which includes physical exercise and a healthy diet. Children are able to manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs successfully, including dressing and going to the toilet independently.

Children’s Physical Development first begins when their muscles get stronger and gradually they begin to develop coordination.  In EYFS we ensure that the children constantly have access to a range of activities to help develop their gross and fine motor control.

Fine motor skills – when a child uses precise movements using specific body parts, such as the thumb and finger to pick objects up.


Gross motor skills – when a child uses their whole body in a movement, such as jumping or running